Tile can beautify your home, enhance design and décor, meet your performance and budget needs and are easy to care for. Tile has been around for centuries, and with today's technology manufacturers have created new design and application possibilities that were not available a decade ago. If it has been a long time since you have taken a look, you will be amazed at the wide selection of colors, sizes, shapes and new textures that are now available.

  • A natural product made up of clay, minerals, and water
  • Tile is easy to clean and maintain
  • Tile is scratch resistant
  • Tile water resistant
  • Does not fade when exposed to sunlight
  • It is suitable for interior, exterior both walls and floors
  • Tile is fireproof and will not contribute to flame spread


Porcelain and Ceramic tile make up the majority of tile sold throughout the world. Each has unique characteristics and incredibly use and design flexibility


The term refers to dry compact tiles produced with high quality materials under very high pressure and temperature.

  • Porcelain is a type of ceramic with a more refined body
  • Produced under higher heat and pressure for longer periods of time
  • Porcelain has a <.5% water absorption rate
  • Predominantly produced in a glazed or through body construction
    • Glazed porcelain will have a white body or color body that matched the top glaze color
    • Through Body is unglazed and exhibits the same color and pattern throughout the tile.


  • The makeup of the product often referred to as clay
  • Ceramic is made up of a combination of clay, powders and polymers
  • Each tile is fired for a specific time and a specific temperature
  • Tiles can either be red body or white body, which has no bearing on the quality of the tile but is dependent on the region produced.
  • Ceramic tile has a >.5% water absorption rate


Tile Construction
 There are 2 main types of tile construction: glazed and unglazed

  • From the side, see 2 layers
  • Body – called the bisque
  • Top layer – called the glaze
  • Hard non-porous, impermeable surface after firing
  • More stain resistant than unglazed
  • Easy to clean
  • Consider for areas like the kitchen and baths


  • Solid colored all the way through
  • do not have a top layer of glaze
  • Referred to as through-body construction
  • no additional surface applications
  • More dense and durable than glazed
  • Suitable for interior and exterior applications
  • Good for areas with high traffic


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  • Tiles are intended to show color and texture variations
  • Glaze also varies, different tile styles will also exhibit different gloss levels
  • Solid color tiles provide a more consistent look
  • Shade variation is inherent in all fired ceramic products
  • Certain tiles will show greater variation within their dye lots
  • Shade variation is usually listed on the back label of each sample
  • low, moderate, high or random rating
  • color variations will also be present between manufacturers’ samples

The ratings of tile color, texture and shading are as follows:
V1 = Consistent shade and texture

V2 = Moderate shade and texture variation
V3 = high shade and texture variation
V4 =  Random AND high shade and texture variation


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One of the measurement used for tile for performance is the ASTM C1027 abrasion resistance. Each tile is designated for use based on performance based on the results of this test.
Class 1: No foot traffic

  • interior wall applications only and not for the floor

Class 2: Light Traffic

  • interior wall applications and for residential bathroom flooring only

Class 3: Light to Moderate traffic

  • for residential floor and wall applications including bathrooms, kitchens, foyers, dining rooms and family rooms

Class 4: Moderate to Heavy traffic

  • residential, medium commercial and light industrial floor and wall applications including shopping malls, offices, restaurant dining rooms, showrooms and hallways

Class 5: Heavy/Extra heavy traffic

  • can be installed anywhere


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Sooner or later, time and traffic, life and living, will take its toll on any floor covering and tile is no exception .But take heart, keeping your tile as clean and beautiful as its first days in your home just takes know-how. Knowing how to care for and maintain your ceramic floor will help keep your investment beautiful, durable and a source of pride for years to come.

  • It’s important to sweep a tile floor regularly.
  • Use walk-off mats at all exterior entrances.
  • Ceramic tile floors should be damp-mopped regularly using the manufacturer’s recommended grout and tile cleaners.
  • Textured tiles may require mild scrubbing with a soft brush or electric polisher/scrubber.
  • For soft water situations you may need to use an all-purpose cleaner.
  • Consult the cleaning product’s instructions to make sure the cleaning product is compatible with your type of tile.
  • After cleaning, rinse well and wipe dry
  • Avoid using steel wool, scouring powders, or other abrasives.
  • Don’t use bleach or ammonia based cleaners.
  • Do not clean glazed tile with oil-based cleaners.
  • Try to clean up spills as quickly as possible.
  • Tile can crack under extreme force or pressure.
  • Take the proper precautions when moving heavy objects across your tile floor.
  • Cover furniture and table legs with protectors.
  • Keep extra tiles after the installation.
  • Seal your grout for added protection.
  • Grout colorants are available for stained, damaged or undesired colored grout.
  • Consult the manufacturers’ recommendations.


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